Hepatitis B is a more serious viral infection caused by the Hepatitis B virus. It can can cause chronic infection with permanent liver scarring ( fibrosis) and in some instances it can eventually lead to chirrosis liver failure or liver cancer. More than 350 million people in the world are infected.
- bodily fluids and blood
- sexual transmission
- sharing contaminated needles
- from mother to newborn during birth
- blood transfusions, although this is now rare in the UK.
- Hepatitis B vaccination
- Safe sex
- Initially could have no symptoms
- Flu like symptoms,
- Nausea, loss of appetite
- Paler stools and dark urine.
Some people clear the virus themselves without any need for treatment. Others will continue to be infected, but not develop any longterm problems. However these carriers can still infect sexual partners. A proportion of infected people will develop a chronic Hepatitis B infection that can eventually, lead to fibrosis and cirrhosis of the liver, with possible liver failure or liver cancer as eventual complications. However this process can take decades and often people are not even aware that they are infected.
- Symptomatic and supportive.
- For people who develop a chronic infection there are treatments available that can cure the virus although current treatments don’t cure everyone and can take up to a year.
I have over 14 years experience providing sexual health screening and I offer a completely confidential, professional, non judgemental service from start to end. If you are not sure if you have been at risk, then I offer a normal consultation to discuss the possible risks and whether screening would be appropriate. We discuss and agree all costs beforehand so you know exactly where you stand and I will always provide you with clear and accurate advice based on current British Association for Sexual Health and HIV (BASHH )guidelines.