Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is a common syndrome that affects millions of women in the UK. It is estimated that about 1 in 5 women have Polycystic ovary Syndrome, but half of these wont experience symptoms. As the name suggests the disease affects how the ovaries work and can cause a variety of symptoms.
Usually, once a month ovulation occurs with the release of an egg. These eggs develop in the follicles of the ovaries. Every month several of these follicles will develop but only one egg gets released. In Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, these follicles are replaced by cysts with the result that an egg doesn’t always get released.
Features of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
- Cysts in the ovaries. Usually around 12 cysts develop
- No ovulation, which means no period
- High levels of male hormones in the body
Symptoms of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
- Irregular periods or no periods
- Difficulty in falling pregnant
- Excessive hair growth
- Hair thinning
- Weight gain
Symptoms usually start in the late teens and early twenties and not all women will have all the symptoms
Complications of Polycystic ovarian Syndrome
- Increased risk of type 2 diabetes
- Elevated cholesterol levels
Diagnosis of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
- Blood test
- Ultrasound Scan of the ovaries
Treatment of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
- There is no cure but symptoms can be managed.
- If you are overweight losing weight through a healthy diet could help reduce symptoms
- Treatments are available for excess hair growth
- Sometimes fertility medication can help with fertility issues
If you think you might be suffering from any of the above symptoms it is best to see your doctor as soon as possible.
I have over 14 years experience providing sexual health screening and I offer a completely confidential, professional, non judgemental service from start to end. If you are not sure if you have been at risk, then I offer a normal consultation to discuss the possible risks and whether screening would be appropriate. We discuss and agree all costs beforehand so you know exactly where you stand and I will always provide you with clear and accurate advice based on current British Association for Sexual Health and HIV (BASHH )guidelines.